Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants

@article{Beaulieu1994TradeAC,
  title={Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants},
  author={J. Joseph Beaulieu and Edward L. Glaeser},
  journal={ERN: Urban Economics \& Public Policy (Topic)},
  year={1994}
}
Using theory, case studies, and cross-country evidence, we investigate the factors behind the concentration of a nation's urban population in a single city. High tariffs, high costs of internal trade, and low levels of international trade increase the degree of concentration. Even more clearly, politics (such as the degree of instability) determines urban primacy. Dictatorships have central cities that are, on average, 50 percent larger than their democratic counterparts. Using information… 
Trade and institutions: explaining urban giants
By analyzing the population growth at the top of the urban hierarchy, we test two hypotheses explaining the rise of mega-cities: trade and political institutions. We find that democratic institutions
Are Politics and Geography Related?: Evidence from a Cross-Section of Capital Cities
With a few prominent exceptions, a capital city is typically alsothe biggest city of its country. This might suggest that a capitalcity is more attractive than other cities because of thecapital city
Primacy and Economic Development: Bell-shaped or Parallel Growth of Cities?
The share of the largest city in the total urban population - the so called primacy ratio - differs substantially across countries. One hypothesis in the literature is that economic development first
Public Sector Agglomeration in Developed Countries: The Role of Oversight
A small but growing body of empirical research underscores the relationship between a city's status as a political capital and its status within an urban hierarchy. Both theoretical and empirical
Concentration of Population in Capital Cities: Determinants and Economic Effects
This paper studies the impact and determinants of the concentration of population in capital cities across countries. Fast population growth in capital cities is a widespread phenomenon that does not
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Growth in Cities
Recent theories of economic growth, including those of Romer, Porter, and Jacobs, have stressed the role of technological spillovers in generating growth. Because such knowledge spillovers are
Urban Concentration, Agglomeration Economies, and the Level of Economic Development
There is a view among planners in the developing nations that the process of economic development invariably results in the concentration of population in one or two "primal" cities.' There is also,
Princes and Merchants: European City Growth before the Industrial Revolution
As measured by the pace of city growth in western Europe from 1000 to 1800. absolutist monarchs stunted the growth of commerce and industry. A region ruled by an absolutist prince saw its total urban
Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries
In neoclassical growth models with diminishing returns to capital, a country's per capita growth rate tends to be inversely related to its initial level of income per person. This convergence
International Trade, Distortions, and Long-Run Economic Growth
The links between trade and growth are examined in a neoclassical model of an open economy in which domestic production requires both domestic and imported inputs. The model shows that trade
Cities and Economic Development
When and how were cities born? Does urbanization foster innovation and economic development? What was the level of urbanization in traditional societies? Did the Industrial Revolution facilitate
Industrialization and the Big Push
This paper explores Rosenstein-Rodan's idea that simultaneous industrialization of many sectors of the economy can be profitable for them all even when no sector can break even industrializing alone.
Generative and Parasitic Cities
  • B. Hoselitz
  • Economics
    Economic Development and Cultural Change
  • 1955
This paper has a threefold purpose. It is supposed to be a critical summing up of the preceding discussion; it should attempt to state a general theory of the relations between urbanization and
...
...