Trade‐offs in evolutionary immunology: just what is the cost of immunity?

  title={Trade‐offs in evolutionary immunology: just what is the cost of immunity?},
  author={Robert L. Lochmiller and Charlotte Deerenberg},
It has become increasingly clear that life-history patterns among the vertebrates have been shaped by the plethora and variety of immunological risks associated with parasitic faunas in their environments. Immunological competence could very well be the most important determinant of life-time reproductive success and fitness for many species. It is generally assumed by evolutionary ecologists that providing immunological defences to minimise such risks to the host is costly in terms of… 

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