Trade‐off Modeling for Product and Manufacturing Process Design for the Environment

@article{Camahan1998TradeoffMF,
  title={Trade‐off Modeling for Product and Manufacturing Process Design for the Environment},
  author={James V. Camahan and Deborah L. Thurston},
  journal={Journal of Industrial Ecology},
  year={1998},
  volume={2}
}
This article presents a method for integrating pollution prevention and concurrent engineering (simultaneous design of products and the manufacturing processes used to produce them). The central issue is unavoidable trade‐offs, such as those among pollution, manufacturing cost, and quality. The probabilistic nature of the manufacturing process is exploited as an opportunity for pollution preventi0n.A decision tool in the form of a mathematical model is presented, which can be used by engineers… 
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