Trade, transport and trouble: managing invasive species pathways in an era of globalization

@article{Hulme2009TradeTA,
  title={Trade, transport and trouble: managing invasive species pathways in an era of globalization},
  author={Philip E. Hulme},
  journal={Journal of Applied Ecology},
  year={2009},
  volume={46},
  pages={10-18}
}
  • P. Hulme
  • Published 1 February 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of Applied Ecology
Summary 1 Humans have traded and transported alien species for millennia with two notable step-changes: the end of the Middle Ages and beginning of the Industrial Revolution. However, in recent decades the world has entered a new phase in the magnitude and diversity of biological invasions: the Era of Globalization. This Special Profile reviews the links between the main drivers of globalization and biological invasions and examines state-of-the-art approaches to pathway risk assessment to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Aliens on the Move: Transportation Networks and Non-native Species

TLDR
This chapter addresses the role that overland transportation corridors, particularly railways, have in the transport of non-native species and focuses specifically on the role of rail vehicles in dispersing stowaway species.

The role of global trade and transport network topology in the human-mediated dispersal of alien species.

TLDR
For the first time, studies from several perspectives, approaches and disciplines are synthesised to derive the fundamental characteristics of network topology determining the likelihood of spread of organisms via trade and transport networks.

Socioeconomic legacy yields an invasion debt

TLDR
It is shown that across 10 taxonomic groups in 28 European countries, current numbers of alien species established in the wild are indeed more closely related to indicators of socioeconomic activity from the year 1900 than to those from 2000, although the majority of species introductions occurred during the second half of the 20th century.

The Changing Role of Europe in Past and Future Alien Species Displacement

Human activity has resulted in a massive reshuffling of the world’s biota by introducing species into regions outside their native range worldwide. Alien species introduction leads to the breakdown

Economic costs of invasive alien species across Europe

Biological invasions continue to threaten the stability of ecosystems and societies that are dependent on their services. Whilst the ecological impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) have been

Global trade will accelerate plant invasions in emerging economies under climate change

TLDR
The 'imperialist dogma,' stating that Europe has been a net exporter of naturalized plants since colonial times, does not hold for the past 60 years, and shows that particularly strong increases in naturalized plant numbers are expected in the next 20 years for emerging economies in megadiverse regions.

Global threats from invasive alien species in the twenty-first century and national response capacities

TLDR
It is found that one-sixth of the global land surface is highly vulnerable to invasion, including substantial areas in developing economies and biodiversity hotspots, and there is a clear need for proactive invasion strategies in areas with high poverty levels, high biodiversity and low historical levels of invasion.

Disentangling the role of environmental and human pressures on biological invasions across Europe

TLDR
The strong influence of economic and demographic variables on the levels of invasion by alien species demonstrates that future solutions to the problem of biological invasions at a national scale lie in mitigating the negative environmental consequences of human activities that generate wealth and by promoting more sustainable population growth.

Global trade networks determine the distribution of invasive non‐native species

Aim: Although global trade is implicated in biological invasions, the assumption that trade networks explain the large-scale distributions of non-native species remains largely untested. We addressed
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES

Invasive Alien Species in an Era of Globalization

Globalization facilitates the spread of invasive alien species (IAS) as international commerce develops new trade routes, markets, and products. New technologies increase the pace at which humans and

Grasping at the routes of biological invasions: a framework for integrating pathways into policy

TLDR
A framework is proposed to facilitate the comparative analysis of invasion pathways by a wide range of taxa in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and helps identify existing gaps in current knowledge of pathways and highlight the limitations of existing legislation to manage introductions of alien species.

As the world gets smaller, the chances of invasion grow

SummaryWhile the issue of invasive alien species has important biological components, economic factors such as global trade deserve much greater attention for several reasons. First, virtually all of

The link between international trade and the global distribution of invasive alien species

TLDR
The findings provide support to the idea that more resources for combating IAS should be directed at the introduction stage and that novel trade instruments need to be explored to account for this environmental externality.

Beyond control : wider implications for the management of biological invasions

TLDR
Prevention is widely promoted as being a more environmentally desirable strategy than actions undertaken after IAS establishment, yet is hindered by the difficulty in separating invasive from non-invasive alien species.

China's Booming Economy Is Sparking and Accelerating Biological Invasions

TLDR
Fostering governmental and public awareness in China of the costs of invasive species and the multiple benefits of their prevention and control will be key to countering this menace.

Wild-bird trade and exotic invasions: a new link of conservation concern?

TLDR
There is a hitherto unnoticed link between the increasing demand for pet birds in developed countries and avian invasions, and the risk of biological invasion in importing countries should inform the current debate over potential bans on the wild-bird trade worldwide.

Forecasting Biological Invasions with Increasing International Trade

Abstract: We used historical data to parameterize species‐accumulation models relating international trade to the establishment rates of nonindigenous species in the United States over the past

Plant Invasions in China: What Is to Be Expected in the Wake of Economic Development

TLDR
The data suggest that China has been invaded less than the United States has, and that the potential for new plant invasions in China is high, and measures toward preventing biological invasions are needed and timely.

Fish Invasions in the World's River Systems: When Natural Processes Are Blurred by Human Activities

TLDR
It is shown that the biogeography of fish invasions matches the geography of human impact at the global scale, which means that natural processes are blurred by human activities in drivingFish invasions in the world's river systems.
...