Tracking natural and anthropogenic Pb exposure to its geological source

@article{Evans2018TrackingNA,
  title={Tracking natural and anthropogenic Pb exposure to its geological source},
  author={Jane A Evans and V. Pashley and Richard Madgwick and Samantha Neil and Carolyn Chenery},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
  year={2018},
  volume={8}
}
Human Pb exposure comes from two sources: (i) natural uptake through ingestion of soils and typified by populations that predate mining activity and (ii) anthropogenic exposure caused by the exposure to Pb derived from ore deposits. Currently, the measured concentration of Pb within a sample is used to discriminate between these two exposure routes, with the upper limit for natural exposure in skeletal studies given as 0.5 or 0.7 mg/kg in enamel and 0.5/0.7 μg/dL in blood. This threshold… 

Applying lead (Pb) isotopes to explore mobility in humans and animals

Lead (Pb) isotopes provide a complementary method to other provenance tools for tracking the origin and movement of humans and animals. The method is founded in the geographic distribution of Pb

Isotopic evidence for anthropogenic lead exposure on a 17th/18th century Barbadian plantation

The results indicate that while Pb isotope analyses can help identify and further characterize the sources of anthropogenic Pb in plantation settings, they might not be suited for identifying the origins of African‐born individuals in diasporic contexts.

Tracking the source of contaminant lead in children's blood.

Lead in Rice Grain

Lead (Pb) is a pollutant of a significant public health concern due to its occurrence, persistence and toxicity. Children exposed to high levels of Pb may present serious health problems, such as

Mechanism of Pb absorption in wheat grains.

Multi-isotope analysis reveals that feasts in the Stonehenge environs and across Wessex drew people and animals from throughout Britain

This analysis of 131 pigs from four Late Neolithic complexes of southern Britain reveals wide-ranging origins across Britain, with few pigs raised locally, and evidences the very first phase of pan-British connectivity.

Diversity aboard a Tudor warship: investigating the origins of the Mary Rose crew using multi-isotope analysis

A multi-isotope approach and the nature of the archaeological context has allowed the reconstruction of the biographies of eight Tudor individuals to a higher resolution than is usually possible.

A veritable confusion: use and abuse of isotope analysis in archaeology

ABSTRACT The expansion of isotope analyses has transformed the study of past migration and mobility, sometimes providing unexpected and intriguing results. This has, in turn, led to media attention

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES

The Pb isotopic record of historical to modern human lead exposure.

Stable lead isotopes in environmental health with emphasis on human investigations.

  • B. Gulson
  • Environmental Science
    The Science of the total environment
  • 2008

A GEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE USE OF Pb ISOTOPES IN ARCHAEOMETRY

Lead isotope ratios in ore bodies and magmatic rocks depend in a complex way on several a priori independent parameters, including the geological age of the tectonic province in which the ores and

Lead and strontium isotope compositions of human dental tissues as an indicator of ancient exposure and population dynamics

Lead and strontium isotope analysis of teeth by TIMS is employed to identify migrants amongst British archaeological cemetery populations since the Neolithic, demonstrating that they provide complementary information about mobility but highlights how their efficacy fluctuates both spatially and temporally in the periods investigated.

Spatial distribution of lead in human primary teeth as a biomarker of pre- and neonatal lead exposure.

The graphical presentation of lead isotope data for environmental source apportionment.

  • R. Ellam
  • Environmental Science
    The Science of the total environment
  • 2010

Lead Isotope Analysis of Tooth Enamel from a Viking Age Mass Grave in Southern Britain and the Constraints it Places on the Origin of the Individuals

Pb analysis of tooth enamel from individuals recovered from a Viking Age burial pit in southern England provides further evidence for their childhood origins outside Britain. All except one of the

Childhood Lead Exposure in the British Isles during the Industrial Revolution

This chapter analyzes the question of one anthropogenic cause of morbidity by measuring the exposure to a toxin, lead. It investigates the concentration of lead in the tooth enamel of 18th- and

Large‐scale tectonic cycles in Europe revealed by distinct Pb isotope provinces

Lead isotopic systematics of U‐poor minerals, such as sulfides and feldspars, can provide unique insights into the origin and evolution of continents because these minerals “freeze in” the Pb