Tracing Origins: Ilustrado Nationalism and the Racial Science of Migration Waves

@article{Aguilar2005TracingOI,
  title={Tracing Origins: Ilustrado Nationalism and the Racial Science of Migration Waves},
  author={F. Aguilar},
  journal={The Journal of Asian Studies},
  year={2005},
  volume={64},
  pages={605 - 637}
}
  • F. Aguilar
  • Published 2005
  • History
  • The Journal of Asian Studies
History was the key to identity for the pioneers of Filipino nationhood in the late nineteenth century. John Schumacher has recounted the struggle by which the youthful Europeanized originators of Filipino nationhood—the ilustrados, literally “enlightened”—reacted to the “chauvinism common to members of governing races” (1973, 191–220). Amid the onslaught of Spanish colonial racism, these educated youths 
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