author={Heathcote R Wright and Angus W. Turner and Hugh R. Taylor},
  journal={The Indian Medical Gazette},
  pages={258 - 258}


This Primer summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology and diagnosis of trachoma as well as its management, disease control and elimination, and key areas for future research.

Baseline trachoma prevalence in Guinea: Results of national trachoma mapping in 31 health districts

The results provided clear evidence for Guinea to plan for national trachoma elimination and required intervention with at least one round of mass drug administration and an estimated 32,737 persons required TT surgery in the country.

Insertional mutagenesis in the zoonotic pathogen Chlamydia caviae

The feasibility of conducting site-specific mutagenesis for disrupting virulence genes in C. caviae, an agent of guinea pig inclusion conjunctivitis that was recently identified as a zoonotic agent in cases of severe community-acquired pneumonia, is demonstrated.

Time trends and heterogeneity in the disease burden of trachoma, 1990–2019: a global analysis

The global disease burden due to trachoma decreased from 1990 to 2019 and it had the greatest reduction compared with other common eye diseases.

Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Transepithelial Phototherapeutic Keratectomy for Central Corneal Opacity in the Pediatric Population

OCT-guided transepithelial PTK can provide excellent visual outcomes in pediatric patients with central corneal opacities, and none of the subjects lost any lines of BSCVA and developed recurrence of theCorneal opacity from the primary disease condition or required keratoplasty during the follow-up period.

Host Defenses to Intracellular Bacteria

Safe haven under constant attack—The Chlamydia‐containing vacuole

This review will focus on the diverse attack strategies of the host aiming at the destruction of the Chlamydia‐containing inclusion and will summarise the current knowledge on the protection mechanisms elaborated by the bacteria to maintain the integrity of their replication niche.

Chlamydia Conjunctivitis