Tracheostomy: epidemiology, indications, timing, technique, and outcomes.

  title={Tracheostomy: epidemiology, indications, timing, technique, and outcomes.},
  author={Nora Ham-Ting Cheung and Lena M. Napolitano},
  journal={Respiratory care},
  volume={59 6},
  pages={895-915; discussion 916-9}
Tracheostomy is a common procedure performed in critically ill patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure and for airway issues. The ideal timing (early vs late) and techniques (percutaneous dilatational, other new percutaneous techniques, open surgical) for tracheostomy have been topics of considerable debate. In this review, we address general issues regarding tracheostomy (epidemiology, indications, and outcomes) and specifically review the literature… CONTINUE READING
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