Trace elements in human physiology and pathology. Copper.

  title={Trace elements in human physiology and pathology. Copper.},
  author={Haim Tapiero and Danyelle M. Townsend and Kenneth D. Tew},
  journal={Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie},
  volume={57 9},
Copper is a trace element, important for the function of many cellular enzymes. Copper ions can adopt distinct redox states oxidized Cu(II) or reduced (I), allowing the metal to play a pivotal role in cell physiology as a catalytic cofactor in the redox chemistry of enzymes, mitochondrial respiration, iron absorption, free radical scavenging and elastin… CONTINUE READING