A 57-year-old man with a prior episode of lymphatic toxoplasmosis presented with signs of anterior panhypopituitarism, which was confirmed by standard endocrinologic evaluation. The diagnosis of central nervous system toxoplasmosis was established by brain biopsy after nondiagnostic serologic and radiographic studies. At autopsy, the anterior pituitary was necrotic, with Toxoplasma abscesses in neighboring brain structures. Clinical and laboratory data met the criteria for the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Although this is the first reported case of toxoplasmosis presenting as panhypopituitarism, future cases may be identified since central nervous system toxoplasmosis is being recognized more frequently in patients with immunodeficiency.