Toxicopathological Effects of the Sunscreen UV Filter, Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3), on Coral Planulae and Cultured Primary Cells and Its Environmental Contamination in Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands

@article{Downs2015ToxicopathologicalEO,
  title={Toxicopathological Effects of the Sunscreen UV Filter, Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3), on Coral Planulae and Cultured Primary Cells and Its Environmental Contamination in Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands},
  author={C. Downs and E. Kramarsky-winter and Roee Segal and J. Fauth and S. Knutson and O. Bronstein and Frederic R Ciner and R. Jeger and Y. Lichtenfeld and C. Woodley and Paul Pennington and Kelli Cadenas and A. Kushmaro and Y. Loya},
  journal={Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
  year={2015},
  volume={70},
  pages={265-288}
}
Benzophenone-3 (BP-3; oxybenzone) is an ingredient in sunscreen lotions and personal-care products that protects against the damaging effects of ultraviolet light. [...] Key Result Whether in darkness or light, oxybenzone transformed planulae from a motile state to a deformed, sessile condition. Planulae exhibited an increasing rate of coral bleaching in response to increasing concentrations of oxybenzone. Oxybenzone is a genotoxicant to corals, exhibiting a positive relationship between DNA-AP lesions and…Expand
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