Toxicopathological Effects of the Sunscreen UV Filter, Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3), on Coral Planulae and Cultured Primary Cells and Its Environmental Contamination in Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands

@article{Downs2015ToxicopathologicalEO,
  title={Toxicopathological Effects of the Sunscreen UV Filter, Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3), on Coral Planulae and Cultured Primary Cells and Its Environmental Contamination in Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands},
  author={Craig A. Downs and Esti Kramarsky-Winter and Roee Segal and John E. Fauth and Sean Knutson and Omri Bronstein and Frederic R Ciner and Rina Jeger and Yona Lichtenfeld and Cheryl M. Woodley and Paul L. Pennington and Kelli Cadenas and Ariel Kushmaro and Yossi Loya},
  journal={Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
  year={2015},
  volume={70},
  pages={265-288}
}
Benzophenone-3 (BP-3; oxybenzone) is an ingredient in sunscreen lotions and personal-care products that protects against the damaging effects of ultraviolet light. [] Key Result Whether in darkness or light, oxybenzone transformed planulae from a motile state to a deformed, sessile condition. Planulae exhibited an increasing rate of coral bleaching in response to increasing concentrations of oxybenzone. Oxybenzone is a genotoxicant to corals, exhibiting a positive relationship between DNA-AP lesions and…
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Acute toxicity testing of TiO2-based vs. oxybenzone-based sunscreens on clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris)
TLDR
The data indicate that at an exposure level of 100 mg/L oxybenzone-containing sunscreen had a negative impact on mortality, leading to 25% death by the end of the 97-h testing period, and physical barrier sunscreens, such as non-nano-titanium dioxide (TiO2), have been suggested as a replacement.
Conversion of oxybenzone sunscreen to phototoxic glucoside conjugates by sea anemones and corals
The reported toxicity of oxybenzone-based sunscreens to corals has raised concerns about the impacts of ecotourist-shed sunscreens on corals already weakened by global stressors. However,
The Effects of the UV-Blocker Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3) on Planulae Swimming and Metamorphosis of the Scyphozoans Cassiopea xamachana and Cassiopea frondosa
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Effects of the organic UV filters, oxybenxone and 4-methylbenzylidene champor, on the photobiology of the hexacoral Zoanthus sp.
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Photochemical response of the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata to some sunscreen ingredients
Ultraviolet (UV) filters and preservatives, which are common constituents of sunscreens and other cosmetics, are reported as a threat for coastal coral reef ecosystems; however, few studies have
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