Toxicity of insecticides used in the Brazilian melon crop to the honey bee Apis mellifera under laboratory conditions

@article{Costa2013ToxicityOI,
  title={Toxicity of insecticides used in the Brazilian melon crop to the honey bee Apis mellifera under laboratory conditions},
  author={Ewerton M. Costa and Elton Lucio Araujo and Andr{\'e} Maia and Francisco das Chagas Lima e Silva and Carlos Eduardo Souza Bezerra and Janisete Gomes Silva},
  journal={Apidologie},
  year={2013},
  volume={45},
  pages={34-44}
}
This study aimed at evaluating the toxicity of insecticides used in melon crop (Cucumis melo L.) on adults of Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) under laboratory conditions. Three ways of exposure were used: direct spraying, feeding with insecticide contaminated diet, and contact with sprayed leaves. Bees were exposed to the insecticides abamectin, acetamiprid, cartap chloride, chlorfenapyr, cyromazin, deltamethrin, thiamethoxam, flufenoxuron, and pyriproxyfen at the highest dosages… CONTINUE READING

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