Organophosphate resistant and susceptible populations of the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte. were subjected to adult feeding bioassays with different combinations of insecticide and a cucurbitacin bait. Five technical grade insecticides (methyl-parathion, carbaryl, fipronil, bifenthrin and indoxacarb) were used in combination with Invite ECt as the feeding stimulant. Differences in susceptibility to the insecticide/bait combinations were observed among the resistant and susceptible populations for methyl-parathion and carbaryl. Susceptibility to fipronil, bifenthrin and indoxacarb was similar among the resistant and susceptible populations. Assays in which response to the insecticide/bait combination was compared with the bait alone indicated that methyl-parathion and bifenthrin were deterrent when compared to other treatments. These results suggest that the efficacy of Invite as a feeding stimulant in combination with certain insecticides may be compromised by previously identified resistance and by insecticides that antagonize the feeding stimulation of the cucurbitacin bait. r 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.