Toxicity of amphetamines: an update

  title={Toxicity of amphetamines: an update},
  author={M{\'a}rcia Carvalho and Helena Carmo and Vera Marisa Costa and Jo{\~a}o Paulo Capela and Helena Pontes and Fernando Remi{\~a}o and F{\'e}lix Carvalho and Maria de Lourdes Bastos},
  journal={Archives of Toxicology},
Amphetamines represent a class of psychotropic compounds, widely abused for their stimulant, euphoric, anorectic, and, in some cases, emphathogenic, entactogenic, and hallucinogenic properties. These compounds derive from the β-phenylethylamine core structure and are kinetically and dynamically characterized by easily crossing the blood–brain barrier, to resist brain biotransformation and to release monoamine neurotransmitters from nerve endings. Although amphetamines are widely acknowledged as… 

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