Toxicity Studies of Genetically Modified Plants: A Review of the Published Literature

@article{Domingo2007ToxicitySO,
  title={Toxicity Studies of Genetically Modified Plants: A Review of the Published Literature},
  author={Josep L. Domingo},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  year={2007},
  volume={47},
  pages={721 - 733}
}
  • J. Domingo
  • Published 25 October 2007
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
According to the information reported by the WHO, the genetically modified (GM) products that are currently on the international market have all passed risk assessments conducted by national authorities. [] Key Method Studies about the safety of the potential use of potatoes, corn, soybeans, rice, cucumber, tomatoes, sweet pepper, peas, and canola plants for food and feed were included. The number of references was surprisingly limited. Moreover, most published studies were not performed by the biotechnology…

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This study concluded that hepatorenal toxicities were possible, and that longer testing was necessary, and was criticized by the company developing the GMOs in question and the regulatory bodies.

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There was not sufficient published information concerning safety of GM foods in general, and GM crops/plants, in particular, 10 years ago, and a new and wide revision of the scientific literature on the potential adverse health/toxic effects of GM/transgenic plants was published.

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The main purpose of this study is to review the impact of GM products on human, animal, and environmental health and report several benefits that result from their commercialization, such as economic, environmental, and health benefits for the general public.

Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Feed: Is There Any Difference From Food?

The regulatory framework of GM crops intended for animal feed is reviewed using the available information on GM food as the baseline and the concentration of novel proteins in different plant tissues and level of exposure to GM feedstuff in the diet of target animals should be considered.
...

References

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The main goal of this review has been to know which is the state-of-the art regarding to the potential adverse effects of GM foods.

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In this minireview the data made available in these published studies is discussed and the data consisting of genetically modified microorganisms or parts of animals/fish ingredients produced by/from genetically modified organisms is discussed.

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  • Biology
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The review of available literature indicates that the genetically modified crops available in the market that are intended for human consumption are generally safe; their consumption is not associated with serious health problems.

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It is suggested that genetically modified crops have no adverse effects on the multigeneration reproductive-developmental ability and a science-based risk assessment is needed in order to use GM crops as a conventional foodstuff.

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Possible risks for human health, the environment, or for the environment (such as the appearance of superweeds as a result from gene flow), should be carefully studied, and a science‐based assessment of benefits vs. risks should be made on a csae by case basis.
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