Toxic oxygen metabolites and ischemia-reperfusion increase histamine synthesis and release in the isolated rat heart.

Abstract

Histamine is synthetized in the heart, and released by ischemia-reperfusion injury in several species. Histamine has arrhythmogenic, chronotropic, inotropic and vasoactive effects. Cardiac histamine release during ischemia-reperfusion may be mediated by toxic oxygen metabolites. We studied the effect of ischemia-reperfusion and toxic oxygen metabolites on release and synthesis of histamine in the isolated rat heart (Langendorff model). The following groups were included: I, (n = 10) control perfusion for 60 min; II, (n = 7) H2O2 (200 microM) was given for 10 min followed by 50 min recovery; III, (n = 7) thiourea (15 mM) was given in addition to H2O2; IV, (n = 7) thiourea given alone; V, (n = 7) catalase (150 U/ml) plus H2O2; VI, (n = 7) 20 min ischemia followed by 40 min reperfusion. The contents of histamine in the coronary effluent and in cardiac tissue were measured repeatedly (radioenzymatic method). Ischemia-reperfusion and toxic oxygen metabolites increased release of histamine in the coronary effluent. Concomitantly the histamine contents in cardiac tissue increased, indicating increased synthesis of histamine.

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@article{Valen1993ToxicOM, title={Toxic oxygen metabolites and ischemia-reperfusion increase histamine synthesis and release in the isolated rat heart.}, author={Guro Valen and Jozsef Kaszaki and Istv{\'a}n Szab{\'o} and Szaboles Nagy and Jarle I. Vaage}, journal={Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology}, year={1993}, volume={25 1}, pages={31-40} }