Toxic effect of citrus peel constituents on Anastrepha fraterculus Wiedemann and Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann immature stages.

Abstract

The toxicity of essential oils from the citrus peel has been proposed as the major resistance mechanism offered by citrus to fruit fly infestation. We evaluated the insecticidal activity of the ether extracts from the lemon (Citrus limon [L.] Burm.) and grapefruit (C. paradisi Macfadyen) peel as well as from limonene and citral against Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) immature stages. We also evaluated the toxicity of the extracts at two ripening stages. Extracts proved toxic to A. fraterculus egg and larvae. The lemon and grapefruit extracts showed the same toxicity in both fruit fly species. For A. fraterculus eggs, citral was more toxic than limonene; for larvae, they showed equal toxicity. Anastrepha fraterculus eggs were more sensitive than C. capitata eggs. In conclusion, we provide evidence of chemical resistance mechanisms that could account for the nonhost condition of lemon for A. fraterculus.

DOI: 10.1021/jf503063b

Cite this paper

@article{Ruiz2014ToxicEO, title={Toxic effect of citrus peel constituents on Anastrepha fraterculus Wiedemann and Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann immature stages.}, author={Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e} Ruiz and Mar{\'i}a Laura Ju{\'a}rez and Ra{\'u}l Adolfo Alzogaray and Federico Arrighi and Lorena Arroyo and Gerardo Gastaminza and Eduardo Willink and Alicia del Valle Bard{\'o}n and Teresa Vera}, journal={Journal of agricultural and food chemistry}, year={2014}, volume={62 41}, pages={10084-91} }