Toxic and Behavioral Effects to Carabidae of Seed Treatments Used on Cry 3 Bb 1-and Cry 1 Ab / c-Protected Corn

  title={Toxic and Behavioral Effects to Carabidae of Seed Treatments Used on Cry 3 Bb 1-and Cry 1 Ab / c-Protected Corn},
  author={Christopher A. Mullin and Michael C. Saunders and Timothy Leslie and David J. Biddinger and Shelby J. Fleischer},
Most transgenic corn seed is now treated with systemic neonicotinoid insecticides. To address potential direct nontarget effects of these combined technologies, 16 Carabidae species from 10 genera (Agonum, Amara, Anisodactylus, Bembidion, Chlaenius, Harpalus, Patrobus, Poecilus, Pterostichus, and Scarites) Þeld-collected from corn were directly exposed to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry toxin-laden pollens and seed treatments in feeding and deÞned-dose bioassays. All adults readily fed on Þeld… CONTINUE READING


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