Towards understanding Botswana and South Africa’s ambivalence to liberal democracy

  title={Towards understanding Botswana and South Africa’s ambivalence to liberal democracy},
  author={Nicola de Jager and David Sebudubudu},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary African Studies},
  pages={15 - 33}
ABSTRACT Despite their recognised democratic successes, Botswana and South Africa have had ambivalent experiences with liberal democracy. It is contended that they fall somewhere in-between what scholars refer to as electoral and liberal democracies; dominant party systems within Carothers’ ‘gray zone’. Two explanations are offered. The first relates to the underlying political culture of the ruling elite: the liberal democratic values of the founders and early elites of both the African… Expand
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