Towards an effective framework for building smart cities: Lessons from Seoul and San Francisco

  title={Towards an effective framework for building smart cities: Lessons from Seoul and San Francisco},
  author={J. Lee and M. Hancock and M. Hu},
  journal={Technological Forecasting and Social Change},
  • J. Lee, M. Hancock, M. Hu
  • Published 2014
  • Business
  • Technological Forecasting and Social Change
  • This study aims to shed light on the process of building an effective smart city by integrating various practical perspectives with a consideration of smart city characteristics taken from the literature. We developed a framework for conducting case studies examining how smart cities were being implemented in San Francisco and Seoul Metropolitan City. The study's empirical results suggest that effective, sustainable smart cities emerge as a result of dynamic processes in which public and… CONTINUE READING
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