Towards a unified paradigm for sequence‐based identification of fungi

  title={Towards a unified paradigm for sequence‐based identification of fungi},
  author={Urmas K{\~o}ljalg and Rolf Henrik Nilsson and Kessy Abarenkov and Leho Tedersoo and Andy F. S. Taylor and Mohammad Bahram and Scott T. Bates and Thomas D. Bruns and Johan Bengtsson-Palme and Tony Martin Callaghan and Brian Douglas and Tiia Drenkhan and Ursula Eberhardt and Margarita Due{\~n}as and Tine Grebenc and Gareth W. Griffith and Martin Hartmann and Paul M. Kirk and Petr Kohout and Ellen Larsson and Bj{\"o}rn D. Lindahl and Robert L{\"u}cking and Mar{\'i}a Paz Mart{\'i}n and P. Brandon Matheny and Nhu H. Nguyen and Tuula Niskanen and Jane Oja and Kabir Gabriel Peay and Ursula Peintner and Marko Peterson and Kadri P{\~o}ldmaa and Lauri Saag and Irja Saar and Arthur Sch{\"u}{\ss}ler and James A Scott and Carolina Sen{\'e}s and Matthew E. Smith and Ave Suija and D. Lee Taylor and M. Teresa Telleria and Michael Wei{\ss} and Karl-Henrik Larsson},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
The nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region is the formal fungal barcode and in most cases the marker of choice for the exploration of fungal diversity in environmental samples. Two problems are particularly acute in the pursuit of satisfactory taxonomic assignment of newly generated ITS sequences: (i) the lack of an inclusive, reliable public reference data set and (ii) the lack of means to refer to fungal species, for which no Latin name is available in a standardized… 

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