Towards a topographical model of narghile water-pipe café smoking: a pilot study in a high socioeconomic status neighborhood of Beirut, Lebanon

@article{Shihadeh2004TowardsAT,
  title={Towards a topographical model of narghile water-pipe caf{\'e} smoking: a pilot study in a high socioeconomic status neighborhood of Beirut, Lebanon},
  author={Alan L. Shihadeh and Sima Azar and Charbel Antonios and Antoine Haddad},
  journal={Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior},
  year={2004},
  volume={79},
  pages={75-82}
}
A pilot study of narghile water-pipe smokers in a cafe in the Hamra neighborhood of Beirut, Lebanon, was conducted to develop a preliminary model of narghile water-pipe smoking behavior for use in laboratory smoking machine studies. The model is based on data gathered from smoking sessions of 30 min or longer duration from 52 smoker volunteers using a differential pressure puff topography instrument, as well as anonymous visual observations of 56 smokers in the same cafe. Results showed that… 

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