Towards a cognitive phenotype for autism: increased prevalence of executive dysfunction and superior spatial span amongst siblings of children with autism.

@article{Hughes1999TowardsAC,
  title={Towards a cognitive phenotype for autism: increased prevalence of executive dysfunction and superior spatial span amongst siblings of children with autism.},
  author={Catherine Hughes and Marie H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Plumet and Marion Leboyer},
  journal={Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines},
  year={1999},
  volume={40 5},
  pages={705-18}
}
Two studies were conducted to examine executive function skills in siblings of children with autism. In Study 1, four computerised tasks (three executive tasks: the ID/ED set-shifting task; a spatial working memory task; and the Tower of London planning task; and a control spatial span task) from the CANTAB battery were used to compare 31 siblings of children with autism with 32 siblings of children with developmental delay and 32 children from unaffected families. In Study 2, the two sibling… CONTINUE READING

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