Towards a First Chronology for the Middle Settlement of Norse Greenland: 14C and Related Studies of Animal Bone and Environmental Material

@article{Edwards2013TowardsAF,
  title={Towards a First Chronology for the Middle Settlement of Norse Greenland: 14C and Related Studies of Animal Bone and Environmental Material},
  author={Kevin J. Edwards and Gordon T. Cook and Georg Nyegaard and J. Edward Schofield},
  journal={Radiocarbon},
  year={2013},
  volume={55},
  pages={13 - 29}
}
The so-called Middle Settlement (Mellembygden) of Norse/Viking Greenland has received far less attention than either of its larger Eastern and Western counterparts. The Greenlandic Norse occupation is nominally taken to date between AD 985 and about AD 1450 and it is generally assumed that the Western Settlement was abandoned prior to the Eastern, but where the Middle Settlement fits into the pattern temporally has hitherto been completely unknown. This paper presents the first absolute dating… 
First evidence of cryptotephra in palaeoenvironmental records associated with Norse occupation sites in Greenland
The Norse/Viking occupation of Greenland is part of a dispersal of communities across the North Atlantic coincident with the supposed Medieval Warm Period of the late 1st millennium AD. The
A multiple profile approach to the palynological reconstruction of Norse landscapes in Greenland's Eastern Settlement
Abstract Palynological research is increasingly revealing the landscape impacts of Norse colonisation in southern Greenland. Typically, although not exclusively, these studies are from depositional
Palaeoecological research in the Department of Geography and Environment, University of Aberdeen
ABSTRACT Palaeoecological research in the Department of Geography and Environment at the University of Aberdeen can be traced back to pollen-analytical (palynological) and geomorphological
A charcoal-rich horizon at Ø69, Greenland: evidence for vegetation burning during the Norse landnám?
It is often assumed that the colonisation of Greenland by Norse settlers in c. A.D. 985 had a sudden and dramatic effect on the environment, involving substantial vegetation clearance and
A Bayesian approach to linking archaeological, paleoenvironmental and documentary datasets relating to the settlement of Iceland (Landnám)
Icelandic settlement (Landnám) period farmsteads offer opportunities to explore the nature and timing of anthropogenic activities and environmental impacts of the first Holocene farming communities.
Impact of Medieval Fjord Hydrography and Climate on the Western and Eastern Settlements in Norse Greenland
Abstract A comparison of the Medieval fjord hydrography and climate regime of the main Norse settlements in Greenland demonstrates important differences in the timing of sea-ice expansion and
Historical perspectives: the European commercial exploitation of Arctic mineral resources after 1500 AD
This paper focuses on the commercial exploitation of Arctic mineral resources by European newcomers to the region. Minerals in demand were extracted in the North and transported to European markets
Réponses sédimentaires et moléculaires des remplissages lacustres groenlandais aux changements climatiques holocènes et à l'évolution des pratiques agropastorales
Dans le cadre du changement climatique global, mieux comprendre les interactions Hommes/Environnement/Climat au sud-ouest du Groenland est aujourd’hui un enjeu majeur pour developper des strategies

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
Interdisciplinary investigations of the end of the Norse Western Settlement in Greenland
The loss of the Norse Western Settlement in Greenland around the mid-fourteenth century has long been taken as a prime example of the impact of changing climate on human populations. This study
Norse–Inuit interaction and landscape change in southern Greenland? A geochronological, Pedological, and Palynological investigation
Ruins representing both medieval Norse and Inuit (Thule culture) settlements can be found together on the coast at Sandhavn (59°59′ N, 44°46′ W), Greenland. The site presents a rare opportunity to
Problematic but promising ponds? Palaeoenvironmental evidence from the Norse Eastern Settlement of Greenland.
Pollen- and related proxy-based studies of human–environment interactions during the Norse and later periods within Greenland have primarily involved the investigation of peat, lake and soil
High resolution paleoenvironmental and chronological investigations of Norselandnámat Tasiusaq, Eastern Settlement, Greenland
High-resolution paleoenvironmental data from a peat profile with a small pollen source area are used to reconstruct the impacts oflandnámon vegetation and soils at a Norse farm complex (∅2 at
Isotopic Analyses of The Domestic Animals of Norse Greenland
Abstract To provide a basis for the isotopic dietary study of the Greenland Norse, and as an interesting study in itself, measures of the stable carbon (&dgr;13C) and nitrogen (&dgr;15N) isotope
Cows, harp seals, and churchbells: Adaptation and extinction in Norse Greenland
The extinction of the Norse colony in West Greenland (ca A.D. 985–1500) has intrigued generations of historians, medieval archaeologists, and climatologists. This longstanding interest has generated
Contact between Native North Americans and the Medieval Norse: A Review of the Evidence
Historical and archaeological evidence relating to Norse activities in the New World early in the second millennium A.D. is reviewed, together with archaeological evidence relating to contemporaneous
Sealing, whaling and caribou revisited: additional insights from the skeletal isotope chemistry of eastern Arctic foragers
Abstract Research reported here is the second phase of a bone collagen stable isotope and radiocarbon study of eastern Arctic diets. Seventy-five directly dated burials from the Native Point
Change of diet of the Greenland Vikings determined from stable carbon isotope analysis and 14C dating of their bones
Bone samples from the Greenland Viking colony provide us with a unique opportunity to test and use (super 14) C dating of remains of humans who depended upon food of mixed marine and terrestrial
Chronological and ecological information on Late-glacial and early Holocene reindeer from northwest Europe using radiocarbon (14C) and stable isotope (13C, 15N) analysis of bone collagen: Case study in southwestern Germany
Abstract The Late-glacial and early Holocene periods are characterized by significant climatic and environmental changes that result in a global warming. In this context, typical glacial species such
...
1
2
3
4
5
...