Towards a Contrast free Approach at EVAR: a New Look at an Old Tool - CO2 Angiography.

Abstract

Deterioration in renal function after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) occurs typically as a result of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), which can occur even in those without chronic kidney disease (CKD), or microembolism, and is debatably linked to the presence of suprarenal device fixation. Strategies to prevent this include minimising the use of… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2017.08.019

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