Toward learning from change pathways: reviewing theory of change and its discontents

  title={Toward learning from change pathways: reviewing theory of change and its discontents},
  author={Steven Lam},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation},
  • Steven Lam
  • Published 10 November 2020
  • Business
  • The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation
The concept of Theory of Change (ToC) is well established in the evalu­ ation literature, underpinning substantial research and practice eff orts. However, its ability to facilitate learning has been increasingly debated. The objective of this paper is to identify, characterize, and evaluate concerns over the use of ToCs based on a review of relevant studies. Seven concerns are found: distinguishing ToCs from other evaluation approaches, conceptual vagueness, under-developed ToCs… 
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