Toward an interactive model of reading.

  title={Toward an interactive model of reading.},
  author={David E. Rumelhart},
R eading is the process of understanding written language. It begins with a flutter of patterns on the retina and ends (when successful) with a definite idea about the author’s intended message. Thus, reading is at once a “perceptual” and a “cognitive” process. It is a process that bridges and blurs these two traditional distinctions. Moreover, a skilled reader must be able to make use of sensory, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic information to accomplish his task. These various sources of… 
This chapter presents a model of second language reading that illustrates the evolution of research and thought from the 1970s and 1980s, characterized as being influenced extensively by schema
Second Language (L2) Reading Strategy Instruction: Its Effects on Comprehension and Word Inferences Ability.
Comprehending a second language is a complex process that occurs with a few external signs along the way. Out of recent research has come a growing understanding that comprehension is not just
Principles of Task Design in Reading for Polish Learners of English as a Foreign Language
This article addresses the problem of developing reading ability in English as a foreign language from the point of view of teacher training. In particular, it deals with the need to formulate task
The Effects of Pre-Reading Instruction on the Comprehension of Text by ESL Readers
In the last few years, much discussion has been centred on the importance of the reader's contribution, in the form of his background/prior knowledge or schemata, to the reading process. To attain
Sources of Process Interadtions in Reading
ABSTRACT Arguing that skilled reading is the result dfthe..iucceSsful. acquisitiOn of a lumber of autocratic Component P;00eities that operate together in, an integrated ,manner, this paper deSdribes
Prank TITLE Conflicting Approaches to Beading Research and Instruction
Reading,research and reading instruction can each be grouped in two distinct categories, depending cn the assuatd source of control for the particular reading act that is studied or taught. "Outside
A Critical Overview of Models of Reading Comprehension with a Focus on Cognitive Aspects
Reading is a cognitive activity involving skills, strategies, attentional resources, knowledge resources and their integration. The reader’s role is to decode the written symbols to allow for the
Exploring a Model of Reading Proficiency.
In attempts to understand the process of literacy acquisition, many researchers have devised models of reading. The basic elements of most reading acquisition models include word, or print knowledge
T Agent-based literacy theory
he pace of change in communication technologies during the previous decade has made the concept of literacy a moving target (Leu, 2000). One of the most significant changes is the capacity of online
Toward a Tiieory . of Reading C , omprehension Instruction
Rand]. Spiro, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Educational Psychology Senior Staff Member . Center for the Study of Reading University· of Illinois Urbana, Illinois IN THE LAST 10 YEARS the number of


Considerations of some problems of comprehension.
Toward a theory of automatic information processing in reading
Toward a theory of automatic information processing in reading, revisited.
The testing-reading cycle is repeated until the student can read the selection with some degree of fluency, and charts provide feedback to the student to indicate rate of progress.
Process of recognizing tachistoscopically presented words.
A model for the recognition of tachistoscopically presented words is developed and it is shown that under certain simplifying assumptions this sophisticated guessing model is isomorphic with the "criterion bias" model as developed in 1967 by Broadbent.
The role of familiar units in perception of words and nonwords
This paper investigates the effects of familiarity with whole-word units and letter-cluster units in perceptual encoding of letter strings. Subjects viewed brief, masked presentations of words and
Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations.
The results of both experiments support a retrieval model involving a dependence between separate successive decisions about whether each of the two strings is a word.
Organization of the Hearsay II speech understanding system
The issues of the system organization of the HSII system are dealt with, which include a convenient modular structure for incorporating new knowledge into the system at any level, and a system structure suitable for execution on a parallel processing system.
Perceptual recognition as a function of meaninfulness of stimulus material.
The data suggest that the first stages of information processing are done in parallel, but scanning of the resultant highly processed information is done serially.
Some perceptual consequences of linguistic rules