Toward a second-person neuroscience 1

  title={Toward a second-person neuroscience 1},
  author={Leonhard Schilbach and Bert Timmermans and Vasudevi Reddy and Alan Costall and Gary Bente and Tobias Schlicht and Kai Vogeley},
  journal={Behavioral and Brain Sciences},
  pages={393 - 414}
Abstract In spite of the remarkable progress made in the burgeoning field of social neuroscience, the neural mechanisms that underlie social encounters are only beginning to be studied and could – paradoxically – be seen as representing the “dark matter” of social neuroscience. Recent conceptual and empirical developments consistently indicate the need for investigations that allow the study of real-time social encounters in a truly interactive manner. This suggestion is based on the premise… 
Towards a neuroscience of social interaction
This Frontiers Research Topic brings together contributions from researchers in social neuroscience and related fields, whose work contributes to the development of the neuroscientific investigation of “online” social cognition and draws upon behavioral studies, psychophysiological investigations, computational approaches, developmental, and patient studies while also providing theoretical contributions that can help to advance research in social Neuroscience.
The Neural Correlates of Social Cognition and Social Interaction
Using second-person neuroscience to elucidate the mechanisms of social interaction
Progress in ‘second-person’ neuroscience is described and the insights into the brain mechanisms of social behaviour that have been gained are discussed and a role of the so-called ‘mentalizing network’ is highlighted.
A new research trend in social neuroscience: Towards an interactive-brain neuroscience.
This paper discusses this research trend from four aspects: hyperscanning apparatus, experimental task, quantification method, and theoretical interpretation, and gives four suggestions for future research.
Real-Life Neuroscience: An Ecological Approach to Brain and Behavior Research
  • S. Shamay-Tsoory, A. Mendelsohn
  • Psychology, Biology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2019
It is argued that adopting a real-life approach may radically change the understanding of brain and behavior and advocate in favor of a paradigm shift toward a nonreductionist approach, exploiting portable technology in semicontrolled environments, to explore behavior in real life.
Clarifying the interaction types in two-person neuroscience research
New ideas have proposed that social cognition may be fundamentally different when an individual does engage in an interaction, rather than when one just observes the situation itself (Schilbach, 2010).
Two-Person Neuroscience and Naturalistic Social Communication: The Role of Language and Linguistic Variables in Brain-Coupling Research
It is argued that the study of online language-based communication constitutes a cornerstone of 2PN, and preliminary evidence illustrating how verbal interaction may shed light on the social brain is reviewed.
Looking beyond the brain: Social neuroscience meets narrative practice
The development of social brain functions in infancy.
This article provides a conceptual integration of the existing EEG/ERPs and fNIRS work on infant social brain function and thereby offers the basis for a principle-based approach to studying the neural correlates of early social cognition.
Schizophrenia, Subjectivity, and Mindreading.
It is argued that the phenomenological approach to schizophrenia is not incompatible with a neurocomputational account of mindreading, and that the 2 approaches should instead be viewed as existing in a relationship of mutual constraint and enlightenment.


The Need for a Cognitive Neuroscience of Naturalistic Social Cognition
Using naturalistic paradigms in neuroimaging will be critical to modeling the way the brain actually understands other minds, and the relevance of naturalistic social cognition to diagnosing and treating autism spectrum disorder is discussed.
A second-person approach to other minds
It is unclear how activity in the parieto-frontal cortex and the mentalizing network during action observation may be modulated by the degree to which human observers perceive themselves as participants of an ongoing interaction and by exposure to social interaction.
The emergence of social cognitive neuroscience.
The authors present an introduction to and analysis of the field by reviewing current research and providing guidelines and suggested directions for future work.
Towards a two-body neuroscience
  • G. Dumas
  • Psychology, Biology
    Communicative & integrative biology
  • 2011
The underlying issues and perspectives involved in elucidating the pathway from individual to social theories of cognition will be discussed, ranging from the choice of a common time-unit for behavioral and brain recordings to the creation of algorithms for data processing between distant brain regions in different brains.
Relating Psychology and Neuroscience: Taking Up the Challenges
  • P. Marshall
  • Psychology, Biology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2009
In providing an integration of brain, body, mind, and culture, embodiment exemplifies an important line of defense against claims of the possible reduction of psychology by neuroscience.
Mirroring and making sense of others
It is misleading to characterize the mirror-based action and intention understanding as a pure third-person grasp of other individuals’ mental states that is performed in a mere observational — that is, detached — stance, as it fails to appreciate the full implications of the discovery of the mirror system.
Direct perception in the intersubjective context
  • S. Gallagher
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2008
The social brain: allowing humans to boldly go where no other species has been
  • U. Frith, C. Frith
  • Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
This work makes a case for distinguishing between signals that automatically trigger interaction and cooperation and ostensive signals that are used deliberately and suggests that this ostensive signalling is needed for ‘closing the loop’ in two- person interactions.
What is self-specific? Theoretical investigation and critical review of neuroimaging results.
It is argued that self-specificity characterizes the subjective perspective, which is not intrinsically self-evaluative but rather relates any represented object to the representing subject and is anchored to the sensorimotor integration of efference with reafference.
Consciousness, Plasticity, and Connectomics: The Role of Intersubjectivity in Human Cognition
It is argued that the organization of the brain into discrete anti-correlated networks supports the phenomenological distinction of prereflective and reflective consciousness, but this finding must be interpreted in light of the dynamic, category-resistant nature of consciousness.