Toward a predictive theory of risk effects: hypotheses for prey attributes and compensatory mortality.

@article{Creel2011TowardAP,
  title={Toward a predictive theory of risk effects: hypotheses for prey attributes and compensatory mortality.},
  author={Scott Creel},
  journal={Ecology},
  year={2011},
  volume={92 12},
  pages={2190-5}
}
Risk effects, or the costs of antipredator behavior, can comprise a large proportion of the total effect of predators on their prey. While empirical studies are accumulating to demonstrate the importance of risk effects, there is no general theory that predicts the relative importance of risk effects and direct predation. Working toward this general theory, it has been shown that functional traits of predators (e.g., hunting modes) help to predict the importance of risk effects for ecosystem… CONTINUE READING

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