Toward a Unifying Definition of Psychological Pain

@article{Meerwijk2011TowardAU,
  title={Toward a Unifying Definition of Psychological Pain},
  author={Esther L. Meerwijk and Sandra J Weiss},
  journal={Journal of Loss and Trauma},
  year={2011},
  volume={16},
  pages={402 - 412}
}
Loss and trauma are often associated with psychological pain. However, a generally accepted understanding and clear definition of what is constituted by psychological pain do not exist. Morse and colleagues' criteria (definition, characteristics, boundaries, preconditions, outcomes) were used to analyze related concepts (suffering, psychache, emotional pain, and psychic pain) that could contribute to a definition of psychological pain. The analysis indicated that psychological pain may best be… 
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