Toward a Biology of Personality and Emotion

@article{Davidson2001TowardAB,
  title={Toward a Biology of Personality and Emotion},
  author={Richard J. Davidson},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  year={2001},
  volume={935}
}
  • R. Davidson
  • Published 1 May 2001
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Abstract: For most of this past century, scholarship on the topics of personality and emotion has emerged from the humanities and social sciences. In the past decade, a remarkable change has occurred in the influence of neuroscience on the conceptualization and study of these phenomena. This article argues that the categories that have emerged from psychiatric nosology and descriptive personality theory may be inadequate, and that new categories and dimensions derived from neuroscience research… 
Biological Basis of Personality : A Brief Review
This brief review discusses the research on biology-based personality and personality theories with biological basis. These theories include Eysenck's three factor model of personality, Gray's
The Neuropsychology of Emotion and Emotion Regulation: The Role of Laterality and Hierarchy
TLDR
It is proposed that, because emotion-regulation strategies are complex higher-order cognitive processes, the question appears to be not the lateralization of the entire emotional process, but the lateralized of the specific cognitive tools the authors use to manage their feelings, in a range of different ways.
Functional brain mapping of extraversion and neuroticism: learning from individual differences in emotion processing.
  • T. Canli
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality
  • 2004
TLDR
How functional brain imaging, using an individual-differences approach in the processing of emotional stimuli, has begun to reveal the neural basis of extraversion and neuroticism, two traits that are linked to both emotion and health are outlined.
A neural network model of the structure and dynamics of human personality.
TLDR
The model provides an account of personality dynamics and person-situation interactions and suggests how dynamic processing approaches and dispositional, structural approaches can be integrated in a common framework.
An "everything but" framework for modeling emotion.
The approach outlined here assumes that modeling and simulating emotion should arise from a specification of the underlying contexts which determine action, and not emotional experiences or the
Amygdala structure and core dimensions of the affective personality
TLDR
This study demonstrates that structural amygdala measures provide a neural basis for all major dimensions of the human personality related to adaptive and maladaptive socio-affective functioning.
Determination of emotional endophenotypes: a validation of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales and further perspectives.
TLDR
The study of endophenotypes, notably with configured self-reports, represents a promising research pathway to overcome the limits of a syndromal approach of psychiatric diseases and new validity evidence based on relations to other variables is offered.
Is the Social Brain Theory Applicable to Human Individual Differences? Relationship between Sociability Personality Dimension and Brain Size
Our study intends to examine whether the social brain theory is applicable to human individual differences. According to the social brain theory primates have larger brains as it could be expected
Is the social brain theory applicable to human individual differences? Relationship between sociability personality dimension and brain size.
TLDR
The results suggest that the social brain theory can be extended to human interindividual differences and they have some implications to personality psychology too.
Relationship Senescence
Biosocial factors, such as attachment, temperament, adaptability, genes, and neural functioning, have been mainly ignored by couple therapists. The purpose of this article is to explore the
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 138 REFERENCES
Cerebral asymmetry and emotion: Conceptual and methodological conundrums
Abstract A diversity of methods have been used to study cerebral asymmetries associated with emotion. Many different conceptual schemes have also been invoked to guide research on this topic. The
Anterior electrophysiological asymmetries, emotion, and depression: conceptual and methodological conundrums.
TLDR
An overview is provided of the model of anterior asymmetries, affective style, and psychopathology, with major emphasis on EEG methods and the need for multiple assessments to obtain estimates of asymmetric activation that better reflect an individual's true score.
Affective neuroscience: the emergence of a discipline
This past year has seen significant advances in our understanding of the physiology of emotion. Attention continues to focus on the amygdala and its interconnections with prefrontal cortical regions.
Affective Style and Affective Disorders: Perspectives from Affective Neuroscience
Individual differences in emotional reactivity or affective style can be decomposed into more elementary constituents. Several separable of affective style are identified such as the threshold for
Emotion and Affective Style: Hemispheric Substrates
Research on cerebral asymmetry and the experience and expression of emotion is reviewed. The studies described use electrophysiological procedures to make inferences about patterns of regional
The functional neuroanatomy of emotion and affective style
TLDR
It is proposed that the PFC plays a crucial role in affective working memory and is most directly involved in the representation of elementary positive and negative emotional states while the dorsolateral PFC may be involved inThe representation of the goal states towards which these elementarypositive and negative states are directed.
Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation--a possible prelude to violence.
TLDR
It is posited that impulsive aggression and violence arise as a consequence of faulty emotion regulation, and the prefrontal cortex receives a major serotonergic projection, which is dysfunctional in individuals who show impulsive violence.
Emotion, plasticity, context, and regulation: perspectives from affective neuroscience.
The authors present an overview of the neural bases of emotion. They underscore the role of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and amygdala in 2 broad approach- and withdrawal-related emotion systems.
The Brain and Emotion
In 1938, B. F. Skinner proposed that all of behavior reflects reaction to rewards and punishments (reinforcers) provided by the environment. He believed that the voluntary behavior of organisms is
Frontal brain asymmetry and affective style: a conceptual replication.
TLDR
A conceptual replication of results demonstrated that positive and negative affective reactivity can be predicted by resting electroencephalographic asymmetry in frontal brain regions is carried out to investigate their independence of employed procedures.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...