Toward Synthesis of Relationships among Leaf Longevity, Instantaneous Photosynthetic Rate, Lifetime Leaf Carbon Gain, and the Gross Primary Production of Forests

@article{Kikuzawa2006TowardSO,
  title={Toward Synthesis of Relationships among Leaf Longevity, Instantaneous Photosynthetic Rate, Lifetime Leaf Carbon Gain, and the Gross Primary Production of Forests},
  author={Kihachiro Kikuzawa and Martin J. Lechowicz},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2006},
  volume={168},
  pages={373 - 383}
}
The assimilation of carbon by plant communities (gross primary production [GPP]) is a central concern in plant ecology as well as for our understanding of global climate change. As an alternative to traditional methods involving destructive harvests or time‐consuming measurements, we present a simple, general model for GPP as the product of the lifetime carbon gain by a single leaf, the daily leaf production rate, and the length of the favorable period for photosynthesis. To test the model, we… Expand
Leaf Photosynthesis Integrated over Time
TLDR
A series of papers based on Kikuzawa's (1991) cost-benefit model for leaf longevity are reviewed, including its extension to whole plants and entire communities in seasonal environments, suggesting the possibility that the lifetime carbon gain by a single leaf can be extended by analogy to predict the productivity of forest ecosystems. Expand
Can we estimate forest gross primary production from leaf lifespan? A test in a young Fagus crenata forest
TLDR
The gross primary production (GPP) of a young deciduous forest of Japanese beech (Fagus crenata) located in central Japan was estimated to be , which was within the range of previously reported GPP values of beech forests in Japan, and was close to the GPP of a European beech forest, as estimated by eddy flux measurements. Expand
Losses of leaf area owing to abiotic stress along the leaf economics spectrum: implications for carbon gain at the branch level
Key messageThe differences in premature loss of leaf area between coexisting tree species have significant impacts on the duration of the functional photosynthetic machinery, therefore, this aspectExpand
Hydraulic conductance of leaves correlates with leaf lifespan: implications for lifetime carbon gain.
TLDR
It is shown for the first time that K(Leaf, mass), an index of the carbon cost associated with water use, is negatively correlated with lifespan and suggests a tradeoff between resource investment in liquid phase processes and structural rigidity. Expand
Accurate representation of leaf longevity is important for simulating ecosystem carbon cycle
Abstract Leaf longevity and leaf turnover rate are important plant traits relating to plant growth, leaf photosynthesis and respiration, plant canopy dynamic and many other factors, but dynamicExpand
Leaf Longevity as a Normalization Constant in Allometric Predictions of Plant Production
TLDR
It is shown that leaf longevity provides a functional integration of traits that can serve as a simpler normalization in scaling plant productivity for individual species and potentially for mixed-species communities as well. Expand
The effect of photosynthesis parameters on leaf lifespan
TLDR
The rate of photosynthetic potential realization characterizes the aging rate of the leaf and species with a high rate of PPL realization have an advantage in competition under conditions favorable for photosynthesis and growth, since they use environmental resources for rapid growth and expansion. Expand
Lifetime return on investment increases with leaf lifespan among 10 Australian woodland species.
TLDR
The results show that extended LL confers a fundamental economic advantage by increasing a plant's return on investment in leaves, and suggest that time-discounting effects are key in allowing short-LL species to succeed in the face of this economic handicap. Expand
Premature losses of leaf area in response to drought and insect herbivory through a leaf lifespan gradient
TLDR
Premature leaf area losses were estimated in response to insect herbivory and summer drought over two years and revealed that, despite having older leaf cohorts with more damage, species with longer leaf duration had lower area lost to herbivores and less damage due to accelerated senescence during the summer drought. Expand
Quantifying Leaf Longevity
TLDR
With an emphasis on times when a leaf can carry out its photosynthetic function, leaf longevity is defined as the period from the emergence to the fall of a leaf. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Photosynthetic capacity, integrated over the lifetime of a leaf, is predicted to be independent of leaf longevity in some tree species.
TLDR
It may be predicted that CO2 assimilation integrated over the lifetime of the leaf should be independent of leaf longevity. Expand
Decline of photosynthetic capacity with leaf age and position in two tropical pioneer tree species.
The effect of leaf age on photosynthetic capacity, a critical parameter in the theory of optimal leaf longevity, was studied for two tropical pioneer tree species, Cecropia longipes and UreraExpand
Decline of photosynthetic capacity with leaf age in relation to leaf longevities for five tropical canopy tree species.
TLDR
The effect of leaf aging on photosynthetic capacities was examined for upper canopy leaves of five tropical tree species in a seasonally dry forest in Panama, finding maximum oxygen evolution rates and leaf nitrogen content declined faster with age for species with shorter leaf life spans. Expand
Significance of leaf longevity in plants
TLDR
The results suggest that the construction and maintenance costs of supporting structures significantly influence life span of individual leaves, which connects the ecophysiology of the individual leaf to growth of the Individual plant and energy and matter cycling at the ecosystem level. Expand
Estimating photosynthetic radiation use efficiency using incident light and photosynthesis of individual leaves.
TLDR
Net PhRUE of all leaves (and thus of the whole canopy) may be constant when integrated over a day, not only when the incident PAR changes with depth in the canopy, but also when it varies on the same leaf owing to changes in daily incident PAR above the canopy. Expand
Leaf lifespan as a determinant of leaf structure and function among 23 amazonian tree species
TLDR
The results indicate that species allocate resources towards a high photosynthetic assimilation rate for a brief time, or provide resistant physical structure that results in a lower rate of carbon assimilation over a longer time, but not both. Expand
A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaf Habit and Leaf Longevity of Trees and Their Geographical Pattern
TLDR
A model in which leaf longevity is determined to maximize the net gain of a leaf per unit time is constructed and describes leaf habit (deciduousness and evergreenness) with the length of the favorable period for photosynthesis within a year and simulates distributional pattern of leaf habit along latitudes. Expand
Leaf dynamics, self-shading and carbon gain in seedlings of a tropical pioneer tree
TLDR
The leaf position at which photosynthetic capacity was predicted to reach zero was positively correlated with the number of leaves on the shoot, supporting the hypothesis that leaf numbers are regulated by patterns of self-shading. Expand
Canopy dynamics and aboveground production of five tree species with different leaf longevities.
TLDR
Canopy dynamics and aboveground net primary production (ANPP) were studied in replicated monospecific and dual-species plantations comprised of species with different leaf longevities because of trade-offs resulting from different structural and physiological leaf and canopy characteristics. Expand
Leaf Life‐Span in Relation to Leaf, Plant, and Stand Characteristics among Diverse Ecosystems
TLDR
It appears that a suite of traits including short leaf life—span and high leaf Nmass, SLA, LAR, and Amass interactively contribute to high growth rates in open—grown individuals, and the photosynthesis—leaf N relationship among species should be considered universal when expressed on a mass, but not on a leaf area, basis. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...