Toward Measuring and Maintaining the Zone of Proximal Development in Adaptive Instructional Systems

  title={Toward Measuring and Maintaining the Zone of Proximal Development in Adaptive Instructional Systems},
  author={Tom Murray and Ivon Arroyo},
  booktitle={Intelligent Tutoring Systems},
Intelligent tutoring Systems (ITSs) adapt content and activities with the goals of being both effective and efficient instructional environments. They have goals for students to be challenged and guided in an optimal way--without being too overwhelmed with difficult material or too bored with easy or repetitive material. We propose a particular definition of the zone of proximal development (ZPD) as a general way to describe what all ITSs try to do, and we propose a foundational analysis of… CONTINUE READING
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