Toward International Normative Reference Data for the Comprehensive System

  title={Toward International Normative Reference Data for the Comprehensive System},
  author={Gregory J. Meyer and Philip Erdberg and Thomas W. Shaffer},
  journal={Journal of Personality Assessment},
  pages={S201 - S216}
We build on the work of all the authors contributing to this Special Supplement by summarizing findings across their samples of data, and we also draw on samples published elsewhere. Using 21 samples of adult data from 17 countries we create a composite set of internationally-based reference means and standard deviations from which we compute T-scores for each sample. Figures illustrate how the scores in each sample are distributed and how the samples compare across variables in eight Rorschach… 
Addressing Issues in the Development and Use of the Composite International Reference Values as Rorschach Norms for Adults
3 studies evaluating normative reference data for the Rorschach Comprehensive System provide support for the use of CIRVs in clinical practice as norms that are generalizable across samples, settings, languages, and cultures and that account for the natural variability that is present when clinicians and researchers contend with the ambiguity contained in the standard CS reference materials.
The Effects of Using the International Versus Comprehensive System Rorschach Norms For Children, Adolescents, and Adults
Results showed that for both children and adolescents, as well as for adults, relying on CS norms versus CIRV would result in interpretations that are more pathological in terms of perception and thinking, psychological resources and cognitive and emotional abilities, and representations of human relationships.
The Comparison of Iranian Normative Reference Data with Five Countries ‎Across Variables in Eight Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS) Clusters
Iranian clinicians could rely on country specific or “local norms” when assessing children, andourage Iranian clinicians to use many CS scores to make nomothetic, score-based inferences ‎about psychopathology in children and adolescents.
Exploring the Clinical Implications of the International CS Reference Data for Children and Adolescents (Meyer, Erdberg, & Shaffer, 2007)
This Comment provides the clinician with basic guidelines for interpreting young patients' protocols in which structural data are used jointly with developmental and contextual factors and presents these guidelines in relation to a case study.
Measuring Psychological Development With the Rorschach
Initial support for this scale as a measure of psychological development across cultures and geography was established, but future research is needed as clinical implications and specific research needs are presented.
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data From a Sample of 211 Nonpatient Children in Brazil
This study provides Rorschach Comprehensive System normative data for Brazilian boys and girls drawn from public and private schools to assess the child's social competence and to screen out behavioral disturbances.
A Normative Study in England With the Rorschach Comprehensive System
This study provides Rorschach data for 88 adults aged 18–65 years from the general population in England. The sample was matched as closely as possible with census data on the variables of gender,
A Comparison Between Comprehensive System and an Early Version of the Rorschach Performance Assessment System Administration With Outpatient Children and Adolescents
Using an outpatient sample of children and adolescents, this study explored the impact of an early version of the Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R–PAS) administration, on the central tendencies of Rorshach variables.
Introduction to the JPA Special Supplement on International Reference Samples for the Rorschach Comprehensive System
This Introduction provides an overview to the JPA Special Supplement on International Reference Samples for the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2001). It contains a history of this project
One More Datum on Rorschach Form Quality
The authors recognize the possibility of Rorschach normative data to be universally applied, but still consider the possible advantage of each country or culture to build its own FQ table that will permit preservation of its particularities.


Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for a Sample of 108 Normative Subjects From The Netherlands
It is argued, on the basis of findings from psychiatric epidemiology, that the exclusion of subjects with a history of mental disorder or mental health treatment from Rorschach normative data bases yields a dataset that is nonrepresentative of the general population.
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for a Sample of 100 Adult Nonpatients From the Belgian French-Speaking Community
The findings indicate the necessity for constituting normative data for different communities, as well as the indispensability of examiners' familiarity with the Rorschach Comprehensive System, in order to provide reliable clinical information.
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for a Sample of 517 Adults From Spain (Barcelona)
Inclusion and exclusion criteria are described and interrater reliability statistics at the response level are presented, along with scores for the CS, followed by a discussion and very brief comparison with other international reference samples.
Evidence to correct misperceptions about Rorschach norms.
Possible factors affecting normative shifts in Rorschach data are considered, including (a) genuine changes in mental health over time, (b) alterations in the type of target sample under
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for a Sample of 75 Danish 9-Year-Old Children: A Pilot Study
A normative study documenting how 75 Danish nonpatient 9-year-old children respond to the Rorschach test is provided, finding an average R of 23.6 and an average Lambda of 2.01 (median = 1.18).
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for a Sample of 52 Older Adult Nonpatients From the United States
Interrater reliability statistics at the response level are presented along with scores for the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 1995) and inclusion criteria are described.
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for Two Samples of Nonpatient Children From Italy: 75 Aged 5–7 Years and 148 Aged 8–11 Years
This project provides information on how nonpatient children perform on the Rorschach test, administered and scored following Exner's guidelines (1995) and includes information on an additional 153 participants gathered between November 2002 and December 2006.
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for a Sample of 128 Adult Nonpatients From Australia
This article examines data collected for the study by Greenway and Milne (2001), which investigated the association between the Capacity for Control and Stress Tolerance cluster of the Rorschach
Rorschach Comprehensive System Data for a Sample of 357 Portuguese Children at Five Ages
Eighteen examiners, well trained in the Comprehensive System (CS), administered the Rorschach to 357 Portuguese children, in the first through fifth grades, attending schools located in Lisbon and the surrounding neighborhood, permitting some interesting developmental and cross-cultural questions to be addressed.
The hard science of Rorschach research: what do we know and where do we go?
It is concluded that Rorschach, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, and IQ scales each produce roughly similar effect size magnitudes, although all tests have greater validity for some purposes than for others.