Toward Direct Measurement of Atmospheric Nucleation

  title={Toward Direct Measurement of Atmospheric Nucleation},
  author={Markku Kulmala and Ilona Riipinen and Mikko Sipil{\"a} and Hanna E. Manninen and Tuukka Pet{\"a}j{\"a} and Heikki Junninen and Miikka Dal Maso and Genrik Mordas and Aadu Mirme and Marko Vana and Anne Hirsikko and Lauri Laakso and Roy M. Harrison and Ian B. Hanson and Carl Leung and Kari Lehtinen and Veli-Matti Kerminen},
  pages={89 - 92}
Atmospheric aerosol formation is known to occur almost all over the world, and the importance of these particles to climate and air quality has been recognized. Although almost all of the processes driving aerosol formation take place below a particle diameter of 3 nanometers, observations cover only larger particles. We introduce an instrumental setup to measure atmospheric concentrations of both neutral and charged nanometer-sized clusters. By applying the instruments in the field, we come to… 

Direct Observations of Atmospheric Aerosol Nucleation

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