Tourism in protected areas: Developing meaningful standards

  title={Tourism in protected areas: Developing meaningful standards},
  author={Robyn Bushell and Kelly S. Bricker},
  journal={Tourism and Hospitality Research},
  pages={106 - 120}
In response to research revealing only 21% of protected areas worldwide have ‘sound’ management practices, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature has introduced The Green List for Protected Areas. A system of certification that has resulted from recognition of the need for global standards for protected area management. While not focused specifically on tourism, visitation and visitor management practices where relevant to the overall management of a park are important… 

Figures from this paper

Nature-based solutions for sustainable tourism development in protected natural areas: a review
  • A. Mandić
  • Business
    Environment Systems and Decisions
  • 2019
This research aims to explore the potentials of nature-based solutions (NbS) to mitigate the socio-economic pressures rising from tourism development within protected natural areas. Paper delivers a
Enhancing Regional Tourism Development in the Protected Areas Using the Total Economic Value Approach
This research aims to boost tourism development in natural protected areas through the classification of the tourism hiking trails based on biodiversity ecosystem services values. The Total Economic
Public—Private Partnership Governance for Accessible Tourism in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
Tourism is a relevant sector in terms of social development, considering its contribution to the quality of life for people with special needs. Accessible tourism, by virtue of its complexity,
Tourism development dilemmas in Musina Municipality: evidence from the Big Tree Nature Reserve and neighboring entities, Vhembe district, South Africa
  • A. Ramaano
  • Business
    Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences
  • 2021
PurposeThis study assesses tourism development dilemmas about the Big Tree Nature Reserve (BNTR) with its neighboring tourism entities in Musina Municipality, Limpopo, South
Developing ecological indicators of sustainable tourism in new protected areas: A case study of saline steppe and forest steppehabitats in Serbia
This paper is one of the results of three years research (2016-2019) of specific habitats of salinesteppes and forest steppes along the Mostonga River, in the northern part of Serbia (Autonomous
Evaluation of management effectiveness of protected areas in the Volta Basin, Ghana: perspectives on the methodology for evaluation, protected area financing and community participation
ABSTRACT Protected areas are widely recognized as an important strategy for biodiversity conservation. Most of the sites are, however, poorly managed as resource exploitation by fringe communities
User willingness to pay for natural resource conservation at Bach Long Vy Island, Vietnam
Tourism development plays a crucial role in creating employment, boosting the revenue of the economy, supporting to improve the living standard. While tourism provides many opportunities to improve
Influence of Sociodemographic Characteristics on the Support of an Emerging Community-based Tourism Destination in Gunung Ciremai National Park, Indonesia
ABSTRACT Community-based tourism (CBT) in national parks (NPs) is promising for diversifying local livelihood strategies while encouraging them to support conservation efforts. Although tourism in
A Research Strategy to Ignite the Science of Outdoor Recreation on Public Lands
To respond to changing demands for outdoor experiences on public lands, managers and researchers specializing in outdoor recreation and tourism are calling for a shift in the way we think about,


Tourism–conservation enterprises as a land-use strategy in Kenya
Since the early 1990s, nature conservation organizations in Eastern and Southern Africa have increasingly attempted to integrate their objectives with those of international development
The World Wide Fund for Nature Arctic Tourism Project
This article investigates the involvement of an environmental non - governmental organisation (ENGO) in a sustainable tourism initiative. The article examines the collaborative relationship between
Private-community partnerships: investigating a new approach to conservation and development in Uganda.
Nature-based tourism is well recognised as a tool that can be used for neoliberal conservation. Proponents argue that such tourism can provide revenue for conservation activities, and income
An Overview: Tourism Non-governmental Organizations and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries
This article illustrates how select non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are using tourism as a development tool for poverty reduction. These tourism-oriented NGOs are becoming increasingly relevant
Building a Decommodified Research Paradigm in Tourism: The Contribution of NGOs
This paper argues for a shift in tourism research that challenges models which prioritise commodified tourism experiences over alternative decommodified products. We feel the distinction between
Partnerships for protected area conservation in Rwanda
This paper seeks to contribute to Rwanda's ongoing restructuring of protected area management. The early part of the paper draws on experiences elsewhere in Africa, as well as key contexts in Rwanda,
Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds?
  • A. Kiss
  • Environmental Science, Economics
    Trends in ecology & evolution
  • 2004
Ecotourism as a Tool for Nature Conservation: The Role of WWF Greece in the Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli Forest Reserve in Greece
This case study of the Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli Forest Reserve in north-eastern Greece is based upon the experiences of WWF Greece and their initiatives to establish an ecotourism project to enhance the
Ecotourism: An Introduction
As tourism takes its place as the worlds largest industry, ecotourism has been identified as the fastest-growing segment of this dynamic global industry. Since the mid to late 1980s ecotourism has
Evaluating Effectiveness: A Framework for Assessing Management Effectiveness of Protected Areas
The first version of this document was published in 2000. At that stage, although the IUCN-WCPA Management Effectiveness Evaluation Framework had been developed over several years, it had only been