Tourette syndrome: review of literature

@inproceedings{Teixeira2011TouretteSR,
  title={Tourette syndrome: review of literature},
  author={Larissa Lane Cardoso Teixeira and Jos{\'e} Mariano Soriano Pantoja J{\'u}nior and Francisco Xavier Palheta Neto and Maur{\'i}cio Neres Targino and Ang{\'e}lica Cristina Pezzin Palheta and F. A. M. Silva},
  year={2011}
}
INTRODUCTION: Tourette Syndrome (TS) was described for the first time in 1825, and it is a neuropsychiatry disease, initially begins in childhood, affects more males, characterized by remarkable social and psychological commitment, impacting the lives of patients and family. Until recently, this disease were considered a rare condition, but current studies show that the prevalence rate may vary in 1% to 2,9% in a few groups. OBJECTIVE: Perform a review of literature over the main aspects… 
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References

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TLDR
It is suggested that TS is heterogeneous from a variety of standpoints including clinical presentation and psychopathology, and thus neuropharmacological responses and possibly even aetiological and genetic mechanisms are possible.
Enfermedad de los tics (síndrome de Gilles de la Tourette): características clínicas de 70 pacientes
TLDR
This report supports the recognized clinical homogeneity and genetical basis of Tourette’s syndrome regardless of geographical region and ethnic origin.
Síndrome de Tourette - revisão bibliográfica e relato de casos
TLDR
This paper reviews the literature about the TS and discusses historical aspects, etiologic theories, diagnostics clinical features and treatment, three case studies are reported and discussed, including a case of "tourettism" and peculiarities of TS in a mentally retarded boy.
Síndrome de Gilles de la Tourette: estudo clínico de 58 casos
TLDR
Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder with a childhood onset and is characterized by motor and vocal tics and associated manifestations, such as attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
An international perspective on Tourette syndrome: selected findings from 3500 individuals in 22 countries
TLDR
A multisite, international database of 3500 individuals diagnosed with Tourette syndrome, with wide variation among sites, can be used as the entry point for further research when large samples are studied and generalizability of results is important.
Neurobiology and neuroimmunology of Tourette’s syndrome: an update
TLDR
It is concluded that Tourette’s syndrome is a heterogeneous disorder, and that immune factors may indeed be involved in some patients, and the proposed autoimmune hypothesis of Tourette's syndrome is challenged.
Phenomenology of tics and natural history of tic disorders
Tourette: por dentro da síndrome
TLDR
The aim of this work is to review aspects involving etiology, epidemiology, neurobiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, and treatment of Tourette syndrome.
Tiques e síndrome de Gilles de la Tourette
TLDR
Diagnostic criteria of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome are based on: age of onset; presence of motor and vocal tic; voluntary suppression of the movements; variation in number, type, location and severity of tics; duration of more than one year.
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