Tough, Bio-Inspired Hybrid Materials

@article{Munch2008ToughBH,
  title={Tough, Bio-Inspired Hybrid Materials},
  author={{\'E}tienne Munch and Maximilien E. Launey and Daan Hein Alsem and Eduardo Saiz and Antoni P. Tomsia and Robert O. Ritchie},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={322},
  pages={1516 - 1520}
}
The notion of mimicking natural structures in the synthesis of new structural materials has generated enormous interest but has yielded few practical advances. Natural composites achieve strength and toughness through complex hierarchical designs that are extremely difficult to replicate synthetically. We emulate nature's toughening mechanisms by combining two ordinary compounds, aluminum oxide and polymethyl methacrylate, into ice-templated structures whose toughness can be more than 300 times… 

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