Total fibrin and fibrinogen degradation products in urine: a possible probe to detect illicit users of the physical-performance enhancer erythropoietin?


Erythropoietin (Epo) represents for some athletes the ultimate tool to gain an edge over their peer competitors. Underground information indicates that its usage is spreading at an epidemic pace since no analytical technique is yet available to detect its utilization. We hereby report observations obtained from analysis of urine specimens collected from top… (More)


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