Tortuous, engorged pial veins in intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: correlations with presentation, location, and MR findings in 122 patients.

@article{Willinsky1999TortuousEP,
  title={Tortuous, engorged pial veins in intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: correlations with presentation, location, and MR findings in 122 patients.},
  author={R Willinsky and Mayank Goyal and K G terBrugge and W J Montanera},
  journal={AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology},
  year={1999},
  volume={20 6},
  pages={1031-6}
}
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tortuous, engorged veins can be identified on the venous phase of the brain circulation in patients with venous congestion related to an intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). The term pseudophlebitic pattern (PPP) has been used to describe this finding. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of PPP in patients with intracranial DAVF and to analyze the relationship of this sign to presentation, location of the fistula, presence of retrograde… CONTINUE READING

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The natural history and management of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas, 1: benign lesions

MA Davies, J Saleh, K terBrugge, RA Willinsky, MC. Wallace
Intervent Neuroradiol • 1997

The natural history and management of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas, 2: aggressive lesions

MA Davies, K terBrugge, RA Willinsky, MC. Wallace
Intervent Neuroradiol • 1997

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