author={Kinga K. Tomczak and N. Paul Rosman},
  journal={Journal of Child Neurology},
  pages={365 - 378}
Torticollis refers to a twisting of the head and neck caused by a shortened sternocleidomastoid muscle, tipping the head toward the shortened muscle, while rotating the chin in the opposite direction. Torticollis is seen at all ages, from newborns to adults. It can be congenital or postnatally acquired. In this review, we offer a new classification of torticollis, based on its dynamic qualities and pathogenesis. All torticollis can be classified as either nonparoxysmal (nondynamic) or… Expand
5 Citations
Congenital Osseous Torticollis that Mimics Congenital Muscular Torticollis: A Retrospective Observational Study
It may be difficult to diagnose congenital osseous torticollis based on physical examinations or plain X-rays, especially when children have no other accompanying congenital defects, so careful examination must be performed to avoid misdiagnosis. Expand
Torticollis in children with enlarged vestibular aqueducts.
Tricollis in infants may be a marker of EVA and infants with torticollis should be monitored closely for hearing loss and motor delay, especially when the tortiollis is paroxysmal. Expand
Perceived Barriers, Enablers and Modifications to Tests Assessing Pediatric Lower Limb Neurological Impairment: An International Delphi Survey.
High levels of consensus support the use of lower limb neurological testing in a range of pediatric neurological conditions and barriers and enablers to pediatric neurological testing are identified. Expand
Cervical Dystonia Incidence and Diagnostic Delay in a Multiethnic Population
Current cervical dystonia (CD) incidence estimates are based on small numbers in relatively ethnically homogenous populations. The frequency and consequences of delayed CD diagnosis is poorlyExpand
Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation: A Rare Complication of Craniofacial Surgery.
INTRODUCTION Neck pain is common in the post-operative period after craniofacial procedures. If patients present with neck pain and torticollis, it could be a manifestation of atlantoaxial rotatoryExpand