author={Kinga K. Tomczak and N. Paul Rosman},
  journal={Journal of Child Neurology},
  pages={365 - 378}
Torticollis refers to a twisting of the head and neck caused by a shortened sternocleidomastoid muscle, tipping the head toward the shortened muscle, while rotating the chin in the opposite direction. Torticollis is seen at all ages, from newborns to adults. It can be congenital or postnatally acquired. In this review, we offer a new classification of torticollis, based on its dynamic qualities and pathogenesis. All torticollis can be classified as either nonparoxysmal (nondynamic) or… Expand
12 Citations
Neck Swelling/Lumps: Torticollis
This chapter will define the two types of torticollis and discuss the evaluation and management of both, including reasons for referral. Expand
Congenital Osseous Torticollis that Mimics Congenital Muscular Torticollis: A Retrospective Observational Study
It may be difficult to diagnose congenital osseous torticollis based on physical examinations or plain X-rays, especially when children have no other accompanying congenital defects, so careful examination must be performed to avoid misdiagnosis. Expand
The effectiveness of stretching for infants with congenital muscular torticollis
Stretching is an effective treatment intervention for the management of infants with CMT and early physiotherapy referral can lead to decreased treatment duration, however, due to a variation in study quality; additional high-quality research is needed to help formulate more robust conclusions. Expand
Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation: A Rare Complication of Craniofacial Surgery.
INTRODUCTION Neck pain is common in the post-operative period after craniofacial procedures. If patients present with neck pain and torticollis, it could be a manifestation of atlantoaxial rotatoryExpand
Relationship Between Torticollis and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder in Infants
The increased likelihood of infants with CMT also having GERD has clinical implications for the pediatric physical therapist. Expand
Torticollis in children with enlarged vestibular aqueducts.
Tricollis in infants may be a marker of EVA and infants with torticollis should be monitored closely for hearing loss and motor delay, especially when the tortiollis is paroxysmal. Expand
Hypertrophic olivary degeneration: a single case report
A 50-year-old male with a history of right cerebellar contusion resulting from a traffic accident continued to experience gait ataxia despite conservative treatment, and was diagnosed with HOD, a unique variant of transneuronal degeneration presenting with spasmodic torticollis. Expand
Pediatric intervertebral disc calcification: case series and systematic review of the literature
PIDC is predominantly a benign and self-limiting condition and surgery should be considered only in case of failure of conservative treatment in the presence of severe neurological impairment and myelopathy. Expand
Perceived Barriers, Enablers and Modifications to Tests Assessing Pediatric Lower Limb Neurological Impairment: An International Delphi Survey.
High levels of consensus support the use of lower limb neurological testing in a range of pediatric neurological conditions and barriers and enablers to pediatric neurological testing are identified. Expand
Der Schiefhals beim Kind
ZusammenfassungHintergrundDer Schiefhals ist eine häufige Pathologie beim neugeborenen und älteren Kind. Die Differenzialdiagnosen unterscheiden sich stark in Schwere, der Möglichkeit von SpätfolgenExpand