Topological thermalization via vortex formation in ultrafast quenches.

@article{TelloFraile2020TopologicalTV,
  title={Topological thermalization via vortex formation in ultrafast quenches.},
  author={Marcos Tello-Fraile and Andr{\'e}s Cano and Manuel Donaire},
  journal={Physical review. E},
  year={2020},
  volume={101 5-1},
  pages={
          052113
        }
}
We investigate the thermalization of a two-component scalar field across a second-order phase transition under extremely fast quenches. We find that vortices start developing once the thermal bath sets the control parameter to its final value in the nonsymmetric phase. Specifically, we find that vortices emerge as the fluctuating field relaxes and departs macroscopically from its symmetric configuration. The density of primordial vortices at the relaxation time is a decreasing function of the… 

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