We investigated the transmembrane topology of the P2X2 receptor subunit expressed in HEK 293 cells. Initial studies using two P2X subunits expressed in tandem indicated that the amino- and carboxy-termini are on the same side of the membrane. Immunofluorescence studies showed the cytoplasmic orientation of the amino- and carboxy-termini. Finally, N-glycosylation scanning mutagenesis revealed that reporter sites inserted into the central loop, but not those in the amino- or carboxy-terminal regions, were glycosylated, thus suggesting an extracellular placement for that domain. Our results support a two-transmembrane arrangement for P2X receptors with intracellular amino- and carboxy-termini.