Topological Charges , Prequarks and Presymmetry : a Topological Approach to Quark Fractional Charges


A topological approach to quark fractional charges, based on charge constraints unexplained by the Standard Model of particle physics, is discussed. Charge fractionalization is related to a tunneling process occurring in time between pure gauge field configurations at the far past and future associated with integer-charged bare quarks, named prequarks. This… (More)

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