Topical vaginal estrogen therapy in managing postmenopausal urinary symptoms: a reality or a gimmick?

@article{Ewies2010TopicalVE,
  title={Topical vaginal estrogen therapy in managing postmenopausal urinary symptoms: a reality or a gimmick?},
  author={Ayman A. A. Ewies and Fadi Alfhaily},
  journal={Climacteric : the journal of the International Menopause Society},
  year={2010},
  volume={13 5},
  pages={405-18}
}
Postmenopausal estrogen deprivation has been suggested as a risk factor for lower urinary tract dysfunction including stress incontinence, overactive bladder and recurrent urinary tract infection. These symptoms could have enormous effects on individuals and health-care providers in terms of impact on quality of life and cost. Recent randomized, controlled trials suggested that systemic hormone replacement therapy does have a negative effect on female lower urinary tract function, probably… CONTINUE READING

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