Topical review on the abuse and misuse potential of tramadol and tilidine in Germany.

@article{Radbruch2013TopicalRO,
  title={Topical review on the abuse and misuse potential of tramadol and tilidine in Germany.},
  author={Lukas Radbruch and Gerd Gerd Glaeske and Stefan Grond and Frank M{\"u}nchberg and N. Scherbaum and Elisabeth Storz and Kathrin Tholen and Petra Zagermann-Muncke and Walter Zieglg{\"a}nsberger and Helmut Hoffmann-Menzel and Hendrik Greve and Peter Cremer-Schaeffer},
  journal={Substance abuse},
  year={2013},
  volume={34 3},
  pages={313-20}
}
BACKGROUND Tramadol and tilidine (in combination with naloxone) are used as weak opioid analgesics in Germany. Tramadol is not scheduled in the German Narcotic Drugs Act. Tilidine is scheduled, whereas Tilidine in fixed combinations with naloxone is exempt from some of the provisions of the Narcotic Drugs Act. Recent reports on misuse of both substances led to an evaluation of their potential for misuse, abuse, and dependency by the expert advisory committee established by the German Federal… CONTINUE READING