Topical immunization strategies

  title={Topical immunization strategies},
  author={C{\'e}cil Czerkinsky and Jan Holmgren},
  journal={Mucosal Immunology},
Research has yielded an abundance of vaccine candidates against mucosal infections, but only few mucosal vaccines have been registered for human use. Extensive research is being carried out to identify new and safe adjuvants for mucosal immunization, novel delivery systems, including live vectors and reporter molecules for tissue- and cell-specific targeting of vaccine antigens. If these candidates are to reach those in need, several lessons from clinical and field research carried out under… CONTINUE READING

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