Top-down and bottom-up control of large herbivore populations : a review of natural and human-induced influences

@inproceedings{Gandiwa2013TopdownAB,
  title={Top-down and bottom-up control of large herbivore populations : a review of natural and human-induced influences},
  author={Edson Gandiwa},
  year={2013}
}
The question whether animal populations are top-down and/or bottom-up controlled has motivated a thriving body of research over the past five decades. In this review I address two questions: 1) how do top-down and bottom-up controls influence large herbivore populations? 2) How do human activities and control systems influence the top-down and bottom-up processes that affect large herbivore population dynamics? Previous studies suggest that the relative influence of top-down vs. bottom-up… CONTINUE READING

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