Toolbox or adjustable spanner? A critical comparison of two metaphors for adaptive decision making.

  title={Toolbox or adjustable spanner? A critical comparison of two metaphors for adaptive decision making.},
  author={Anke S{\"o}llner and Arndt Br{\"o}der},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  volume={42 2},
For multiattribute decision tasks, different metaphors exist that describe the process of decision making and its adaptation to diverse problems and situations. Multiple strategy models (MSMs) assume that decision makers choose adaptively from a set of different strategies (toolbox metaphor), whereas evidence accumulation models (EAMs) hold that a uniform mechanism is employed but is adapted to the environmental change (adjustable spanner metaphor). Despite recent claims that the frameworks are… CONTINUE READING


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